The history of Philadelphia can be traced back to at least 1682. William Penn commissioned a surveyor to map the then-existing boundaries between Pennsylvania and New Jersey, and that map was put into use long before any of today’s modern highways were built. That survey, called the Pennine Map, is still honored by members of the American Society of Surveyors and is used as the official map of the state of Pennsylvania. The city is located in what is now the southern part of the state, but the name Philadelphia comes from what was then present-and what was the boundary line between the two states. Pennine was also the original name for what the city is now called, but when the North American Indians arrived on the shores of what is now Pennsylvania, the name changed to “Punjab.”
In the early years of the new republic, the population of Philadelphia was mainly English due to the fact that the population of both New Jersey and New York was substantially lower than that of Pennsylvania. Consequently, the government of George Washington instructed top officials to form a council which would select new leaders for the fledgling country. John Philadelphia was among those chosen, and he later served as Speaker of the House of Representatives and governor of the fledgling state of Pennsylvania. As the first session of the newly-formed national legislature got underway, Philadelphia became the site of some of the most important debates in the nation’s history. Those debates helped shape the principles upon which the country would move forward and eventually become a strong and united nation.
John Philadelphia became one of the most influential leaders of the new United States. He was born in Ireland, but his real birthplace was Jamaica. There, he came to be known as a respected leader and he later went on to serve as Governor of the Massachusetts colony and as President of the United States. Throughout his early twenties, he travelled extensively around the world, making connections with various European leaders and, in particular, with Benjamin Franklin. Franklin had become one of the most influential men in Europe and he knew that Philadelphia would be a good place for him to build a home for his family.
When John Philadelphia died, however, the leadership of the Philadelphia Society of Gentlemen was handed over to his son, Alexander Hamilton. Alexander Hamilton chose to spend much of his time in Philadelphia, doing what he did best–making connections. In particular, he made connections with the emerging merchant economy of the late seventeenth century. Much of this work centered on establishing a printing press that would be used by the newly created American middle class. This work resulted in the very first American newspaper printed in the early twentieth century, which was published in Philadelphia.
Today, the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Independence Museum of Pennsylvania both originated in Philadelphia. Additionally, the Institute of Museum Education in Philadelphia is named after Philadelphia. The list of other institutions that bear the name of Philadelphia cannot be made too short. A quick search on the Internet will reveal many sites where you can learn all about the rich history of the Philadelphia area. Visit Philadelphia today to take part in all that this great city and state has to offer.
For those wanting to visit Philadelphia, but are unsure what to see and what to do, take a look at some of the popular museums in the Philadelphia region. These include the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Museum of Pharmacy and the Academy of Natural History. If you are looking for a bit of history of Philadelphia while you are in town, consider a trip to the Temple University Libraries, where you can find an extensive collection of books, periodicals, and other reading material on the history of the late nineteenth century Philadelphia. Take a day or two to see the sights of the entire city and soak up all the culture that is present there. History of Philadelphia is a wonderful series of events, sights, and sounds that is sure to delight travelers of all interests.